Interface Technical Training

Windows 10 and Windows Server 2016 Hyper-V Standard verses Production Checkpoints

One of the issues we have had in the past with checkpoint (previously known as snapshots) is some production applications did not support checkpoints. If a virtual machine was rolled back in time to a previous checkpoint there was a possibility of loss of or corruption of data. In Windows 10 and Windows Server 2016 a Hyper-V administrator now has the ability to choose between standard or production checkpoints. Let me explain the difference.

Standard Checkpoints: when a checkpoint is created it will include the current state of the virtual machine, the virtual machine memory, data and hardware configuration.

Production Checkpoints: when a checkpoint is created it uses the Volume Shadow Service (VSS) to capture the virtual machine similar to a backup. Memory and hardware configuration are not captured.

When you create a new virtual machine in Windows 10 or Windows Server 2016 Production Checkpoint will be the default. If you import a virtual machine from a previous operating system the default will be Standard.

Note: If you have imported a virtual machine created by a previous operating system you will need to upgrade the version of the virtual machine configuration. For more about Hyper-V and Versions, see my discussion of virtual machine configuration versions and how to upgrade them. The minimum version to support Production Checkpoints is 6.2. See figure 1.

The current Hyper-V configuration on the Win 10 VM does not support Production checkpoints. It has to be updated to at least version 6.2.

I have updated the configuration version to 7.0 (running Win 10 Hyper-V)

How to enable Production Checkpoints.

  1. Right click on the desired virtual machine and choose settings.

  1. Choose Checkpoints. Note that in the right hand pane above that Standard is selected. When a checkpoint is applied you will see the following prompt. Whatever the state the VM was in when the Checkpoint was created will be the state the computer will revert to.

  1. To change the checkpoint to Production, select the Production radial in the right hand pane. See below

  1. When a checkpoint of a running VM set to use Production Checkpoints the follow dialog box will appear, select OK to create the checkpoint.

  1. When you apply a Production Checkpoint the VM will be automatically turned off after the checkpoint is successfully applied.

Until next time – Ride Safe!

Rick Trader
Windows Server Instructor – Interface Technical Training
Phoenix, AZ